Ukrainian wedding (Ukrainian Ukrainian wedding) is a traditional ritual element of the culture of the Ukrainian people. The Ukrainian wedding ceremony was formed primarily in the depths of the spring-summer ritual. A wedding in rituals and songs was presented as an exogamous (non-tribal) marriage, often remaining endogamous (intra-tribal) by mutual agreement of the parties, which is why the themes of bride kidnapping were staged and played around.
The first stage of the Ukrainian wedding is matchmaking (Ukrainian matchmaking, zgovorini, serpent, zmovshi, zaposhy) Having decided to marry his son, the father invites two of his good friends to be the elders. Together they confer about a candidate for the bride, if the son himself does not have anyone in mind. The parents invite two more neighbors and bless their son with the icon.
Not infrequently, the girl's father asks to invite the groom into the house to see what he is like. If a girl gives a hand to his bow, this indicates her favor, and if she only bows and leaves, it means a refusal. If the young people agree to get married, they receive a blessing from their parents. Рut three bows to the ground, kiss the hands of their parents and the bread brought. The bride bandages the hand of the groom and the elders over her shoulder, puts a towel on a wooden plate, where the groom and guests should throw coins in gratitude for the gift.
The second stage of matchmaking is betrothal (Ukrainian marriage, love, hmovini, big bums), where the bride and groom invite their next of kin. The refusal of the bride after this stage was considered a gross insult, which had to be paid. At the end of the matchmaking, the young were called the groom (Ukrainian youth, young man, prince) and the bride.
At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, there was a pecheglyadini (pecheglyadini), when the next day the bride's parents with relatives brought bread to the groom's house to see the material economy of his house. In the 1920s-1930s, this element of the wedding ceremony dropped out of the general store of pre-wedding actions.
At the festive table, they agree on the time of the wedding and wedding. The holiday, at the invitation of the bride’s father, goes to his house, where the matchmaking ends.
A negative sign was also the presentation of a pumpkin (harbuz) to the matchmakers, the girl's refusal to bring a glass to the groom, and she personally returned bread to the groom's house. In the legends, wedding songs of the Ukrainians, echoes of the custom of matchmaking between a girl and a boy, which were also found among the southern Slavs, have been preserved.
- The elders turn to the owner of the house allegorically – they ask if the fox has run into the house, and whether it is possible to look for it.
Then they move on to a business conversation, ask about the family of the groom, whether the young are related to each other, which was strictly forbidden for marriage. When the father calls his daughter to say her word, she stands by the stove and “pokes the fireplace,” answers evasively, showing obedience to the will of the parent. He asks for a day or two to think it over. The elders leave the bread and leave.
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